ITC Report Illustrates Futility of Unilateral Sanctions

Thursday, 23 September 1999

"First and foremost, we must remember that the Glenn Amendment was a failure before it was ever imposed -- since the threat of sanctions did not deter either India or Pakistan from its nuclear testing," said Frank Kittredge, President of the National Foreign Trade Council and Vice Chairman of USA*ENGAGE. "And, one of the reasons the cost of these sanctions was held to $161 million was because Congress moved quickly to provide the president waiver authority."

In the report, the ITC concluded:


  • "U.S. companies most affected by the Glenn Amendment sanctions were those involved in the sale of wheat and certain other agricultural products; industrial machinery; transportation; construction and mining equipment; electronics products; and infrastructure development services," and;
  • "The major alternative suppliers benefiting from reduced U.S. exports to India and Pakistan under the Glenn Amendment sanctions are Japan; Europe; the rest of Asia; and Australia, New Zealand and other South pacific trading partners."

"It's easy to conclude from the ITC report that the Glenn Amendment has punished U.S. interests at least as much as those of India or Pakistan," Kittredge continued. "But the real cost of these sanctions is that they didn't deter either India or Pakistan from detonating nuclear devices -- while at the same time threatening U.S. relations with the world's largest democracy and a key strategic ally. I can't think of a better example of the need for sanctions reform legislation."

USA*ENGAGE is a coalition of 670 small and large businesses, agriculture groups and trade associations working to seek alternatives to the proliferation of unilateral U.S. foreign policy sanctions and to promote the benefits of U.S. engagement abroad.